WARGAMES FOUNDRY ANCIENTS
Our Ancients section covers the vast period of history from 3000BC up until the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The vast majority of the pages listed here contain background historical information and/or painting guides as well as guides to wargaming armies or periods by either Nigel Stillman or Adrian Garbett.
Egypt fought the Hyksos, Canaanites, Syrians, Mitannians, Hittites, Hebrews, Philistines, Sea Peoples, Nubians, Libyans, Bedouin, as well as civil wars within Egypt.
They were typically allied with the Nubians, Libyans, Syrians and Sea Peoples.
Our Egyptians range is made up of 38 different packs of models, including 8 chariots and Ramesses the Great himself, all sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry.
The Hyksos fought Egypt, as did the Canaanites, Syrians and Hurrians. They also fought against and later allied with the Hittites. Hurrians fought against Assyria. There was constant fighting among the kingdoms as well as against the Habiru and desert nomads and against Sea Peoples raiders.
Their typical allies were Habiru, Amorites and Sea Peoples.
Our range contains 15 packs, including 5 chariots, sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry.
From 3000 BC onwards the wild tribes of Upper and Lower Nubia continually attacked the southern borders of Egypt. They were numerous and brave if not well organised, and posed a serious threat to the areas they raided. While the Old, Middle, and New Kingdom Egyptians seem to have had little trouble defeating Nubian incursions in open battle it is interesting to note that they also took them into their armies as auxiliaries in large numbers. During the post New Kingdom period (around 750 BC) the Nubians finally overwhelmed parts of Egypt and set up their own Kushite kingdom based on a fanatical devotion to Egyptian Gods.
Our range contains 6 packs of both Medjay and Kushite Nubians sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry.
The Hittites fought other Anatolian kingdoms, notably Arzawa, the Hurrian empire of Mitanni, Babylon, Assyria, Egypt, the Kaska tribes, the Lukka pirates, Achaians, Cypriots, Syrians and had civil wars.
They were typically allied with Syrians, Hurrians, Anatolians and Sea Peoples.
Our Hittite range contains 10 packs, including 5 chariots and a very useful pack of civilians, and was sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry
The Sea Peoples were a confederation of tribes from around the Mediterranean islands, the Aegean, Anatolia, Balkans and Levant. These tribes included the Sherden, Lukka, Peleset, Tjekker, Sheklesh, Dardani, Weshwesh, Teresh and Ekwesh. These tribes were a constant menace as pirate sea raiders who attacked Greece, Cyprus, Hittite coasts, Phoenicia, Canaan and Egypt. They were often hired as mercenaries. A huge confederation attacked Egypt at the end of the New Kingdom by land and sea.
The Sea Peoples fought Egypt, the Hittites, the Phoenicians and Canaanites, the Mycenaeans and Trojans and as Philistines against the Hebrews. They were typically allied with Libyans.
Our Sea Peoples range was sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry and contains 8 packs of these brazen Sea Wolves. More suitable models can be found in the Hittite and Egyptian ranges.
This is the army for people who like painting flesh! The Libyans launched raids into Egypt for over 2,000 years, until they eventually founded their own dynasty early in the first millennium BC after successive migratory waves had flowed west out of the Libyan Desert.
A Libyan army would consist of masses of skirmishing archers and javelinmen for most of the period covered, with only the few chosen warriors who accompanied chieftains being willing to get into hand-to-hand combat. This changed somewhat with the appearance of the Sea Peoples, with whom the Libyans allied.
Our Libyans range contains 6 packs and was sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry. Up to a third of a Libyan army can be made up of Sea Peoples and suitable chariots can be found in the Egyptian range.
Assyria was an ancient Kingdom of Northern Mesopotamia centered on the cities of Ashur and Nineveh. Babylon was an ancient city which ruled over southern Mesopotamia.
The Assyrians fought the Armenian Kingdoms, Hittite Kingdoms, Urartians, Babylonians, Chaldeans, Arabians, Israelites and Judeans, Egyptians, Kushites, Elamites, Medians, Scythians, Phrygians and each other in civil wars. The Babylonian Empire warred against Egypt, Judea, Lydia and Persia.
Typical allies were Hittites, Chaldeans, Arabs, Cimerians, Scythians, Aramaeans, Urartians, Mannaians and Medians.
Our Assyrian and Babylonian range contains 30 different packs, including 4 huge chariots and a group of infantry riding on a cart, and was sculpted by Alan Perry.
Our Mycenean and Minoan range is suitable for the three main historical periods: the Palace Culture of Minoa between 1600 and 1250BC; the period of change between 1300 to 1200BC, when the Minoans were declining and the early Myceneans gaining a foothold in Asia; and the later Mycenean period, encompassing the Trojan War.
The range contains 17 packs, including 5 chariots and models of Diomedes, Paris, Odysseus, Hector, Aeneas, Achilles, Ajax, and Nestor, and was sculpted by Alan Perry.
Early Celts and Teutons inhabiting Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Low countries, Britain, Ireland, France and Iberia, with similar cultures in Italy and Balkans.
The Bronze Age Europeans fought against each other in tribal and clan wars. Balkan tribes may have encountered Mycenaeans, while British and Iberian tribes may even have encountered Phoenicians. Iberian, Italic and Balkan tribes may have been raided by Sea Peoples. Western and Northern tribes probably encountered Scythian invaders from the East and Greek merchants from 700 BC onwards.
Typical allies would be more primitive Neolithic style tribes from remote areas, horsemen from Eurasian steppes and Phoenician traders.
Our European Bronze Age range contains 9 packs, including 2 chariots, civilians and some ancient pigs, all sculpted by Michael Perry.
The Cimmerians came from the steppes stretching north beyond the Black Sea. The horse had been domesticated by them some time around 3000 BC, and by 1500 BC they dominated what would become known as the southern Russian steppe.
Their nomadic lifestyle only rarely brought them into contact with the more settled peoples encircling their territory and it was not until the early 7th century BC that the outside world became aware of their existence.
The Scythians fought the Egyptians, Assyrians, Medians, Balylonians, Elamites and Persians.
Our range contains 8 packs of mounted Scthians or Cimmerians sculpted by Alan Perry.
Sumerian and Akkadian city states fought each other. Akkadians fought Sumerians, both fought Elamites, Amorite Nomads, Syrians, Hattic states, outlying regions of the Harrapan (Indian) civilisation.
Their typical allies were Amorites, Gutians and Elamite and they often invaded forested Iranian and Anatolian highlands, the Syrian desert and the Persian Gulf.
Hypothetical encounters: Akkadians vs Early Egyptians in Phoenicia. Akkadians vs Minoans in Cyprus, Akkadians vs Harrapan (Indian) army in Gulf.
Our range contains 5 packs sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry.
Between the 7th and 3rd Centuries BC the Greeks gave the known world artistic, philosophical and scientific advances but also developed a form of warfare that would rule the roost until the time of Alexander. This was the Hoplite, a citizen-soldier defending his city and it's trade, settling in the far flung regions of Asia and Africa and finally becoming the most sought after mercenary in the world.
Our World of the Greeks range was sculpted by Steve Saleh and Nick Collier with Mark Copplestone, and contains 86 different packs of Spartans, Athenians, Light Infantry, Cavalry, Thracians, Mercenaries, Argonauts and Mythical Heroes. CLICK HERE to see the range as well as an article on Ancient Greek warfare by Adrian Garbett.
Our 50 packs of Macedonians were also sculpted by Steve Saleh and Nick Collier with Mark Copplestone.
When Philip II took the Macedonian throne in 359BC he inherited an army that was tribal and divided, the only troops of note were the excellent noble cavalry called hetairoi (Companions). Former Macedonian kings had attempted to reorganise the peasantry into a stable infantry contingent with varying levels of success and from this core Philip reformed the soldiers of upper and lower Macedonia into a formidable force.
CLICK HERE for more historical information by Adrian Garbett.
These Persians were sculpted for us by Steve Saleh in the same style as our World of the Greeks models.
He only ever made six packs and they were never properly released until recently. These are your late-ish sort of Persians: they cover a long period of history and geographical area.
You can build an interesting unit with the sixteen variants of the standing spearmen. They paint up nicely.
This is our older range of Greeks sculpted by Dave Gallagher, suitable for the Greco-Persian and Peloponnesian Wars.
They are slightly smaller than the Steve Saleh sculpted World of the Greeks range and in an older but pleasant sculpting style.
Includes the Death of Leonidas set.
These Persians were also sculpted by Dave Gallagher and are suitable for the Greco-Persian and Peloponnesian Wars. They compliment Dave's range of Greeks nicely.
Visit our World of the Greeks page for an article on ancient Greek warfare including information on the Peloponnesian Wars by Adrian Garbett.
Our Republican Rome's Wars range contains Romans as well as Carthaginians, Ancient Spanish and Continental Celts to fight them.
Check out the Celtic Priest and Wild Boar Hunt set on the Celts page. There is also a huge Macedonian or Carthaginian War Elephant.
These are the men who came, saw and conquered the British Isles lead by Julius Caesar in 55-54 BC. Caesar also led them against the Roman Senate itself in 49 BC, defeating his rival Pompey at the battle of Pharsalus. They were also, of course, the same Romans who fought the Ancient Germanic Tribes and the Gauls.
Our Caesarian Romans were sculpted by Mark Copplestone. We make 17 different packs of both armoured and unarmoured Legionaries in various poses and 4 different command packs as well as 12 packs of Gallic, Spanish and Numidian allies.
There are also 9 packs of characters and personalities that were sculpted by Michael Percy as later additions to the range.
In the 200 years between the reforms of Augustus and the rise of Septimius Severus the Roman army fought to expand the Empire and saw action in the dark forests of Germany, the baking heat of Syria, the mists of Britain and the mountains of Dacia. That they conquered so many different peoples in such different terrain is amazing in itself; that they did it using basically the same organisation and troops doubly so. Their enemies had to contend not only with Roman weaponry but with their morale and discipline as well.
This army is instantly recognisable even to non gamers and has possibly become the ‘classic’ ancient army, rivalled only by Greeks and Egyptians. The organisation of the Roman Army is well documented and you can collect anything from a basic Legion with supports to a massed invasion force employing all sorts of exotic allies.
Our 66 (!) packs of Imperial Romans were sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry, with a few additions to the range by Steve Saleh that are listed seperately.
We make 85 different models of Gladiators sculpted by Steve Saleh, Mark Copplestone, Josef Ochmann, Mark Simms and Shane Hoyle. We also make Lions and gigantic Bears to fight them.
One of the most intriguing ancient armies is that which fought to preserve the Roman Empire during the era of its decline. For administrative reasons the Empire itself had by this time been split into Eastern and Western sections centred on Rome (initially) and Byzantium respectively.
The massive borders and multiple external threats, not to mention internal revolts, required the army to change its focus from expansionist conquest to defence. This resulted in a fundamental change in the way the Empire’s armed forces were organised and recruited. Flexibility was the key word, with the introduction of fixed frontiers and mobile field armies, as well as the wholesale introduction of tribal warriors.
Where once the Legions fought on their own terms they now had to face a multiplicity of enemy fighting styles, ranging from highly motivated foot warriors to lightly armoured skirmishing horsemen and heavily armoured cataphract cavalry.
Britain underwent momentous changes in the 5th century AD. At the beginning of the century the last elements of it's Roman field army left for the Continent to fight in another of the Empire's interminable civil wars and never returned. The Picts, Germans and Scots-Irish subsequently intensified their raids into full scale invasions, which fragented the former Roman province into independant Kingdoms ruled by local warlords.
This was the setting in which the tale of King Arthur - champion of Brython, warlord, enemy of the Eastern church and hammer of the barbarians - evolved and grew to mythic proportions. While we have absolutely no concrete evidence for his existence, his legend significantly influenced the psyche of succeeding generations.
During and after Julius Caesar’s conquest of Gaul the Romans employed Gallic cavalry as auxiliaries. Caesar referred to armoured Gallic cavalry as equites or ‘knights’ in his commentaries on the Gallic War. Gallic cavalrymen also fought for Hannibal’s Carthaginian army.
Our range of Gauls was sculpted by Rob Baker and contains 8 packs of infantry, 6 of cavalry, 5 chariots, a pack of civilians and a cheiftain being carried on his chield.
Check out the Gauls in Mark Copplestone's Caesarian Romans range for more compatible models.
These models were sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry and are suitable for use as most European Celts.
The British Celts were closely related to the Continental Celts, and it was reported that certain tribes and clans could be found on both sides of the Channel. This led to British support for their Continental brethren during the wars with Julius Caesar which, unfortunately, brought the Britons to the attention of Rome.
Consequently in 55 BC Caesar led an expedition in force to reconnoitre the south east corner of Britain. However, nearly 90 years elapsed before a major invasion force of four Legions plus auxiliaries was landed in 43 AD, led by Aulus Plautius. The subjugation of Britain was completed by 75 AD.
The Britons fought valiantly and with ingenuity, but apart from the early stages of the revolt led by Boudicca in 61 AD they proved unable to withstand Roman military might in open battle.
The Dacians inhabited an area roughly corresponding to ancient Thrace (modern Yugoslavia) and like their predecessors had a reputation for ferocity and warlike behaviour that brought them into conflict with the might of the Roman Empire. Dacian raids across the river Danube became more than a nuisance during the 2nd century AD and resulted in huge resources being targeted against a relatively minor people.
In the late 4th century BC the wild steppe people collectively referred to as Sarmatians began raiding their more settled and prosperous neighbours, and they continued to do so for over 600 years until they were wiped out by the Huns. While there were many tribes, I will concentrate here on those which were allied with the Dacians and fought both for and against Imperial Rome. Visit the Dacians and Sarmatians page for more historical information by Adrian Garbett.
Our Dacians and Sarmatians were sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry.
By the mid-3rd century AD the German tribes which had been held back by the Roman frontier were on the move in ever increasing numbers. Some were destined to disappear from history, others to be defeated and absorbed by stronger tribes or by the Roman Empire. Yet others went on to forge new kingdoms of their own in Spain, North Africa and Britain. The Old Saxons, along with the related Angles and Jutes, were part of this last group, and carved out a new niche for themselves in the West.
These models can all be used equally well for Franks, Saxons, Jutes, Angles and many other hairy European races. They serve equally well in your Arthurian Army.
Our Franks and Saxons were sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry.
It is likely that the Picts, or Cruithni as they called themselves, spread into the northernmost parts of the British mainland from the Orkney Islands, only really making an impact when the Caledonian tribes barring their way to the south were defeated by the Romans under Septimius Severus in the early 3rd century. From the 3rd to the 9th centuries they raided the Roman province of Britain, then took on the Sub-Roman Successor states and the Germanic kingdoms that followed, only falling to the increasing pressure of Scots-Irish settlers in their own homeland that led to the creation of the joint kingdom of Scotland or Alba in 846 AD. It is interesting to note that although many peoples fought with or for the Picts, the Picts themselves seem to have been notable in the armies of other peoples only by their absence! In wargaming terms the Pictish period is split by the disappearance of the chariot, which seems to have fallen out of favour with the Picts relatively late, between 400 and 500 AD.
For a nation that would have such a devastating impact on the greatest Empires of its day, we know almost nothing about the origin of the Huns. Early references are to peoples who can now be identified as having not been Hunnic, such as Scythians, Cimmerians, Parthians, etc.
The earliest positive reference to ‘Huns’ comes from 363 AD, when the Roman and Persian Empires concluded a hasty treaty after their usual round of mutually destructive campaigning was interrupted by the appearance of the Kidarites Huns from the Caucasus region. These were to prove a serious threat to both empires for years to come, but were never directly linked with the Hunnic tribes that were to ravage Western Europe less than a century later. It would be true to say that until 376 AD the civilised world at large remained ignorant of the terrible threat that lurked beyond its borders.
Our Huns were sculpted by Michael Perry.
Our Ancient Civilians page includes 9 packs of models sculpted by Andrew Ellis as well as 15 additional packs of civilians taken from our ancient ranges sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry, Rob Baker, Michael Percy, Mark Copplestone, Steve Saleh and Dave Gallagher.
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