Mitanni (Hurrians), Syrians, Canaanites and Hyskos 1500BC - 1000BC

CSM nav image.pngHurrian chariot warrior aristocracy (Maryannu) dominated the city states of Syria and Canaan. Some of these, the Hyksos, invaded Egypt. Later, the Hurrians formed the powerful Mitannian Empire in Syria and North Mesopotamia which fought resurgent Egypt for control of the region and ruled Assyria for a time. The Canaanites with Mitannian allies fought the Egyptians at Megiddo. The Hittites defeated Syrians and Hurrians and incorporated them into their empire as vassal kingdoms. The Canaanites fought against the Habiru tribes (Hebrews) until the Hebrews succeeded in carving out a kingdom in Canaan.

The Hyksos fought Egypt, as did the Canaanites, Syrians and Hurrians. They also fought against and later allied with the Hittites. Hurrians fought against Assyria. There was constant fighting among the kingdoms as well as against the Habiru and desert nomads and against Sea Peoples raiders.

Sculpted by Michael and Alan Perry. Scroll down for more historical information and a quick painting guide by Nigel Stillman.

Command - CSM001
Archers - CSM002
Javelinmen - CSM003
Slingers - CSM004
spearmen 1
Spearmen 1 - CSM005
spearmen 2
Spearmen 2 - CSM006
mounted scouts
Scouts - CSM007
Phoenicians (Urgatic Guardsmen, Phoenician Marines) - CSM008
shassu bedouin
Shassu Bedouin (Desert Nomads) - CSM009
hyskos infantry
Hyksos Infantry - CSM010
armoured chariot
Armoured Chariot 1 - CSM011

Chariot comes with 3 crew

armoured chariot 2
Armoured Chariot 2 - CSM012

Chariot comes with 3 crew

armoured chariot 3
Armoured Chariot 3 - CSM013

Chariot comes with 3 crew

light chariot 1
Light Chariot 1 - CSM014

Chariot comes with 3 crew

light chariot 2
Light Chariot 2 - CSM015

Chariot comes with 3 crew


Units of 50, 200, 600 & 1000 men. Contingents were drawn from vassal or allied kingdoms.

Best Troops - Excellent chariotry. Phoenicians had an excellent fleet.

Typical Allies & Mercenaries - Habiru, Amorites, Sea Peoples.

Terrain - Homeland; plains, steppes and forested highlands. Invaded Syrian desert, Canaanite highlands, Anatolian plateau and Mesopotamian plains.

Hypothetical Encounters - Mitanni vs Kassite Babylonia. Phoenicians vs Mycenaeans /Minoans anywhere in Mediterranean, Hyksos vs Minoans.



Skin tones - Arab complexion, dark hair. Hurrians; caucasian looks.

Clothing - White linen/woollen robes heavily patterned. Tyrian crimson.

Weapons & Armour - Bronze. Scale armour in wide variety of styles.

Shields - Leather bucklers with bronze studs arranged in patterns.

Chariots - Frames covered by leather scale armour, probably painted.

Horses - Black, chestnut, bay, grey. Some leather scale armour bards.

Standards - Gilded bronze with coloured streamers.

Bases - Desert, grassland or steppe with tufts of coarse grass and stones.

Text by Nigel Stillman


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